What is the Natural Environment in Architecture?

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What is the Natural Environment in Architecture?

Here, we talk about Natural Environment in Architecture, The natural environment is limited to all living and non-living things occurring naturally. The natural environment in architectural design has many influencing factors that can help a building merge well with the space, be more aware of its surroundings, and provide longevity to the design.

Additionally, the functional requirements of a building, such as the need for natural light or ventilation, may also influence its design. Additionally, environmental factors such as air and water pollution, wildlife habitat, and availability of natural resources can influence the design of a building and its surrounding landscape.

What is the Natural Environment in Architecture?

The natural environment plays many roles in architecture. One of the roles is that it aids in the aesthetic approach of buildings. People often choose a beautiful location, perhaps overlooking a mountain or the beach. It is always better to wake up with a beautiful view with the sounds of nature than to wake up to the hustle and bustle of the city.
Apart from offering breathtaking views of nature, it also enhances the sense of architecture. For example, it has been mentioned that the gardens in the Taj Mahal which start from the end of the main entrance and end near the square base of the mausoleum are an integral part of the Taj Mahal structure and one of the major attractions of the visit.

The architect should consider the following natural elements while designing

  • Efficient use of solar and wind energy and other renewable sources of energy
  • Reducing wastage and pollution of natural resources
  • Natural light
  • Eco-friendly materials like stone and wood for construction

How does the natural environment influence architecture?

There are many different ways in which the environment can affect architecture. For example, the natural landscape and climate of a particular location may influence the design of a building, such as the use of materials and construction techniques that are appropriate for the local environment. 

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